Server room arrangement is a common case for modern reality. Network systems cater to modern companies and enterprises, meaning that no business can run without them. This tendency is observed since many processes are automated and entrusted to AI. Thus, network systems store and process large amounts of data.
Dozens of equipment pieces make up IT systems, meaning that a lot of space is required for hardware accommodation. Specialized server cabinets and racks are used for this purpose. Yet, note that selecting a proper furniture piece according to its configurations and compatibility with equipment is one of the key tasks when organizing data centers.
Each model has its network rack specification, in which its dimensions, assembly peculiarities, load capacity, mounting types, modularity, and other info are indicated. When choosing a suitable model, system administrators should pay due attention to its compatibility with servers and other devices. The thing is that some hardware pieces have peculiar fasteners or dimensions that do not fit racks. Although sizes are usually unified, it is important to recheck and re-measure objects before making a purchase.
Understanding Server Rack Specifications
When selecting an appropriate cabinet or rack, a thorough study of specifications is an obligatory step. Below, we list common parameters found in server rack specifications and explain what they mean and how they can affect the final choice:
The size of each model is determined by three dimensions, namely, height (Rack Units, U), width, and depth. While width is standardized and depth is typically variable and adjustable, height deserves particular attention since it is more complicated. The most critical feature of the height is being measured in units, where 1U is 1.75 inches (4.45 cm). Thus, to determine the needed rack height, technicians should calculate the heights of all devices. That is why model names often contain such designations as “12U”, “22U”, etc. Thus, when studying 42U rack specification, you should multiply 42 × 1,75 to learn the rack height in inches.
If you need a server cabinet, of any size: from 42U server cabinets to smaller, you can look through the Sysracks catalog, where you will find a wide range of models for any purpose and budget. Skilled managers will assist you with your selection in case you need assistance.
2. Load Capacity
It is the second most important aspect. Each model can carry a particular weight. Overloading cabinets can lead to hardware falling and damage. Thus, it is essential to learn what load the rack can hold. The following info is available in specs:
- weight capacity per shelf;
- total weight capacity.
Note that floor-standing models can carry more hardware, while wall-mount cabinets have a lower capacity due to their mounting options.
When allocating equipment on shelves, pay attention to what weight each shelf can support. Design a layout, based on this info.
Another significant feature indicated in the specs is from what material the model is produced. In most cases, server furniture is manufactured from durable metal sheets of different thicknesses, which guarantees perfect durability and longevity.
When studying specs, technicians can find where holes for fans and ventilation slots are located for correct thermal management. Judging by this info, they can create proper hardware layouts for durable and uninterruptible operation and adjust airflow designs to increase cooling efficiency. Moreover, correctly set ventilation allows for achieving noise reduction.
You’ll also find possible expandability and customization options in specs. This info is important since in most cases, systems grow, and new components are added. Thus, you’ll likely need more space in the future to accommodate new devices.
It is advisable to buy bigger cabinets to guarantee better scalability and avoid the need to rebuy a new furniture piece later.
The way the staff can access devices and ensure security is one more aspect explained in the specs. According to security features, racks can be equipped with removable but lockable side panels. A proper door design allows for improved hardware security. Side and top panels also prevent equipment from a negative environmental impact.
Besides, specs should provide a manual for assembly ease and maintenance requirements. In this part, the following aspects are considered:
1. Cable Management
Cables are wired to connect system units and ensure their smooth powering and communication. A number of additional accessories are used for cable management. Such solutions as ties, hooks, organizers, arms, and boxes are used to keep cords arranged and neat.
2. Power Distribution
Power distribution units (PDUs) are responsible for feeding devices. Check the electrical compatibility of equipment with the available PDU to make sure that it is powerful enough to supply energy to all components.
3. Security Features
To guarantee a high level of hardware protection, multiple locking mechanisms and surveillance options are used. They are installed on both premises and cabinets.
4. Compliance Standards
A classic server rack specification contains information about industry standards and certifications. It provides data about furniture testing and a manufacturer warranty.
5. Mounting Options
According to the type of mounting, fixed and adjustable mounting options are available. Most models are equipped with wheels and handles for better mobility.
The use of innovation allows for manufacturing a wide range of models. New trends help improve the quality and durability of server furniture. Specs contain all the needed info about the product for customers.